How to Detect the Early Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer?

What is Cervical Cancer? 

Cervical cancer refers to the cancer type that occurs in the cervix cells. The cervix is the part that connects the uterus with the vagina. It is mainly caused because of an STI (sexually transmitted infection) like HPV (human papillomavirus). If diagnosed at the right time, cancer has a chance to be curbed or sometimes even cured. However, some cervical cancer treatment methods help in handling the situation.

The immune system of the body initially prevents the harm caused by the virus during any HPV exposure. But for a small percentage of the exposed population, the virus continues to survive. This plays a part in the cervical cells changing into cancerous ones.

Regular screening for STIs can help in curbing the virus’s growth at an early stage.

Types of Cervical Cancer:

Understanding the type of cancer can help in finding the most suitable cervical cancer treatment. The following are the two major kinds of cervical cancer – 

  • Adenocarcinoma – This kind of cervical cancer is where the column-shaped glandular cells act as the beginning point of the disease. The cervical canal is lined with these glandular cells.
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma – This kind of cervical cancer in the squamous cells – thin and flat cells that outline the outer layer of the cervix. This outer part projects into the vagina. This is the most common cervical cancer observed.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Observed in Cervical Cancer?

Symptoms and signs in a pre-cancer person are generally overt. Similarly, in an early-stage cervical cancer patient, there are no overt signs and symptoms. The severity of the symptoms relies on the organs and tissues wherein the disease has been spreading.

It is also to be taken into consideration that sometimes one of the symptoms can be caused due to another medical condition. Therefore, medical attention is suggested to determine whether the symptom is cervical cancer or a different health issue.

The following are the usual symptoms and signs of the presence of cervical cancer

  • Light bleeding or spots of blood between periods or after one.
  • Longer periods with a heavy flow of blood. That is, the menstrual blood flow is different from regular periods.
  • Bleeding after having sexual intercourse.
  • Increase in vaginal discharge. Spotting of bloody or watery vaginal discharge, accompanied by a foul odor.
  • Experiencing pain during or after sexual intercourse.
  • Bleeding even after reaching menopause.
  • Constant and unexplained pain in the back or pelvic regions.

The following signs reveal that cervical cancer has spread to the nearby tissues-

  • Experiencing pain while urinating or spitting blood during urination.
  • Swelling is observed in the legs or the abdomen region.
  • Cases of diarrhea.
  • Experiencing bleeding or pain during defecation.
  • Fatigue.
  • Appetite loss and weight loss.
  • Regular feelings of illness.
  • Experiencing nausea or vomiting.
  • Constipation.

All the above-mentioned symptoms should be given medical attention. It is always safe and better to consult a doctor at the first sighting of a symptom or a sign. Identifying the signs and symptoms of any cancer helps in determining the appropriate treatment plans.

When the signs and symptoms are conveyed to a doctor, it will help in making a more accurate diagnosis. Diagnosis is what serves as a basis in detecting cervical cancer treatment plans. It is also important to discuss with the doctor if any changes in the symptoms are observed.

Palliative care, otherwise known as supportive care, can also be designed based on the diagnosis. It is started before the treatment (after the diagnosis) and continues throughout. Palliative care is also given at the treatment to ensure that the patient recuperates with adequate support. 

What Are The Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer? 

The following are the risk factors of cervical cancer-

  • Multiple sexual partners without regular screening for STIs (particularly of HPV).
  • A weak immune system.
  • Smoking habits.
  • Exposure of the person to a prevention drug for miscarriages.

What Are The Preventive Measures That Can Be Taken For Cervical Cancer? 

The following are some preventive measures concerning cervical cancer-

  • Learn about the HPV vaccine from a doctor. The vaccine helps in the prevention of the HPV virus. But before getting the vaccine shot, consult with the doctor whether getting an HPV vaccine is suitable or not.
  • Regular pap smears or pap tests will help in keeping track of health, as they can detect cervical cancer cells. These tests can be taken by people who are usually 21 years old.
  • Practice safe sexual activities. This includes using protection like condoms.
  • Try to curb the habit of smoking. One can contact a doctor if they are having trouble with quitting smoking.

Cancer is a scary word. But with the advancements in technology, it can either be controlled or cured. Maintaining a health profile will help in understanding the current situation of the body.

Coming to this particular cancer type, there are different cervical cancer treatment plans available. Some of them are –

  • Conization
  • Hysterectomy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy 

Hope this information was useful for detecting cervical cancer in the early stages while there are chances of treating it.


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